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|Title:||Control of convection by dfferent buoyancy forces|
3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2011)
|Keywords:||Flow control;Convection;Buoyancy-driven instabilities;Dielectrophoretic effect;Micro flow;Micro gravity|
|Description:||This paper was presented at the 3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference (MNF2011), which was held at the Makedonia Palace Hotel, Thessaloniki in Greece. The conference was organised by Brunel University and supported by the Italian Union of Thermofluiddynamics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University of Thessaly, IPEM, the Process Intensification Network, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the Heat Transfer Society, HEXAG - the Heat Exchange Action Group, and the Energy Institute.|
Thermal convection in vertical concentric cylinders under the influence of di erent buoyancy force fields is the focus of the experimental project ’CiC’(Convection in Cylinders). The objectives are to investigate thermal convective flow in natural gravity with axial buoyancy and in micro-gravity environment of a parabolic flight with radial buoyancy, and additionally also the superposition of both buoyancy force fields. The radial buoyancy is forced by the dielectrophoretic effect due to applying a high-voltage potential Vapp between the two cylinders. The experiment contains two separately fully automated experiment cells, which differ only in their radius ratio η = b/a. The convective flow is observed with tracer particles and laser light sheet illumination. For the case of natural convection, there exists a stable single convective cell over the whole Rayleigh number domain with Ra ~ ΔT with increasing the temperature difference between the inner and outer cylindrical boundaries. For the case of a pure dielectrophoretic driven convection in micro-gravity environment, stratification effects are described with RaE ~ Vapp with increasing the high voltage potential. The superposition of both buoyancy forces indicates the disturbance of the single convective cell and therewith the onset of instabilities at very low Ra for the smaller η. The presented results demonstrate that the dielectrophoretic effect can be used for flow control and enhancement of heat transfer applications in space as well as on Earth.
The “Convection in Cylinders (CiC)” project is funded by the German Aerospace Center DLR within the “GeoFlow” project (grant no. 50 WM 0122 and 50 WM 0822). The authors would also like to thank ESA (grant no. AO-99-049) for funding “GeoFlow” and the “GeoFlow” Topical Team (grant no. 18950/05/NL/VJ).
|Other Identifiers:||3rd Micro and Nano Flows Conference, Thessaloniki, Greece, 22-24 August 2011|
|Appears in Collections:||Institute for Bioengineering|
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